Hemp Terminology

Industrial Hemp: is a species of Cannabis that can be used for 25,000 different product applications. From Medicine to Construction Materials to Paper, Industrial Hemp is versatile because of it’s nutrients rich biomass and thick stalks. Industrial Hemp plants contain less than 0.3% THC and can be legally grown in the United States. 

Hemp: The plant of the genus Cannabis or any part of the plant, whether growing or not, with a delta-9-tetrahydrocannabinol concentration that does not exceed 0.3% on a dry weight basis of any part of the plant of the genus Cannabis (Commonwealth of Massachusetts, 2018).

Industrial Seeds: Hemp, or industrial hemp is a strain of the Cannabis Sativa plant species. Industrial hemp is grown for its various derived products including, biomass, seeds used for food products, oils, and for fiber for woven products as well as many other fiber applications.

CBD (Cannabidiol): is one of over 85 cannabis compounds found in industrial hemp that provides significant medical benefits impacting physical and mental wellness. CBD activates the endocannabinoid system which has been scientifically found to contribute to regulatory functions in health and disease.

Endocannabinoid system (ECS): A group of receptors that make up a very complex regulatory system throughout the human brain, body, and central and peripheral nervous systems. ECS creates and maintains our body’s internal stability (homeostasis) by adjusting the flow of neurotransmitters and regulating bodily functions, including appetite, sleep, emotion, and movement (Healer, 2018).

Cannabinoid: Any of the various naturally occurring, biologically active chemical constituents of hemp or cannabis, including some that possess psychoactive properties, such as tetrahydrocannabinol (THC). The marijuana plant contains more than 100 different cannabinoids.

CBD Seeds (Non-Feminized): Naturally pollinated hemp plants or those using traditional breeding techniques usually produce a relatively even split between male and female seeds. These are known as regular or non-feminized seeds. 

CBD Seeds (Feminized): Feminized CBD seeds are seeds that have been either genetically modified (by removing the X chromosome) or naturally by non-genetic practices to produce almost all female plants. Non-genetic techniques include spraying female plants with a colloidal silver or silver thiosulphate solution.

Clones: Clones are exact reproductions of an original ‘mother plant’, by taking a stem cutting or tissue culture and placing it in a media to take root. Once the clone has rooted it can be transplanted into a cultivation facility or field.

Biomass VS Dried Flower: Biomass is the dried hemp plant materials that include stalks, leaves, flower/buds, and/or seeds that have been harvested. Dry flower is the dried flower and bud of the hemp plant that has been removed from the stalk.

Crude Hemp Oil: is the extracted oil from the hemp biomass that contains all of the cannabinoids, terpenes and other plant compounds.

Full Spectrum CBD Oil: is the oil extracted from the flowers and leaves of the hemp plant. The full spectrum extraction retains the entire spectrum of 110 plus cannabinoids, terpenes, flavonoids, essential vitamins, minerals, fatty acids, proteins, chlorophyll and fiber. 

Broad Spectrum CBD: is basically the same as full spectrum: however all of the THC is removed in the extraction process. This provides the benefits of a full spectrum CBD with the exception of the cannabinoid THC. 

MCT oil: is common carrier oil for CBD that stands for “Medium-chain Triglycerides”. MCT is essentially fractionated coconut oil which acts as a flavorless and easy to digest fatty acid. Since CBD is fat soluble, this makes for a great pairing to provide a natural and organic method of taking CBD.

CBD Isolate: is the purest form of CBD which is a product of removing all of the other compounds found in the plant. This results in a crystal or powder with 0% THC and 96% to 99% CBD.

Distillate: The process of distillation means to purify something. Distillate is a form of purified hemp extract that comes from heating the extract into vapor and than rapidly cooling to convert the vapor back into liquid.